Inside This Issue:
2003 Annual Meeting
Administrative Assistant’s Corner
St. Louis Warriors Memorial
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Memorial
Upcoming Events in Nez Perce Country
A Glimpse of the Past
NPNHT Foundation Annual Meeting Goes to Bear Paw
Mark those calendars! Our 2003 Annual Meeting will be held on Friday,
August 1 and Saturday, August 2, at the Chinook Motor Inn in Chinook,
Montana. On the afternoon of October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph surrendered
his rifle and the remnants of his band of Wallowa Nez Perce to Colonel
Nelson A. Miles.
Several interesting speakers have been invited. Two local men will
speak on the Nez Perce route from Cow Island crossing to the Bear Paw
Battlefield and the archaeology of the Battlefield. George Kush, a
Canadian, will share information on the Nez Perce who managed to
continue on to Canada. We’re still in the process of finalizing the
program, so be looking for an informational flyer in the near future.
Plans for the first day center around an unusual field trip. On
Friday, the Appaloosa Horse Club will be concluding a cycle of the
Chief Joseph Trail Ride as they ride into the Bear Paw Battlefield
area. We plan to take our meeting attendees to the Battlefield in
mid-morning, via tour bus, with a stop at the Blaine County Museum,
where we will view an excellent video on the Battle. At the
Battlefield, we will enjoy a conducted tour. Following a lunch
provided by the Foundation, we plan a historical discussion and then
will observe the arrival of the Trail Riders and meet with them during
the afternoon. It will be an experience you will not want to miss.
Chinook is the closest town to the Bear Paw Battlefield. There are two
motor inns located in Chinook with more to be found in Havre, Montana,
21 miles west of Chinook. We recommend that lodging reservations be
made soon. Some lodging possibilities in Chinook, Montana are:
Bear Paw Motel and Trailer Court (RV hookups available) 888.357.2224
Chinook Motor Inn 406.357.2248
Some possibilities in Havre, Montana:
Best Western Great Northern Inn (RV hookup available) 406.265.4200
Duck Inn 800.455.9615
El Toro Inn 800.422.5414
Havre Budget Inn 406.265.8625
Havre Super 8 Motel 800.800.8000
Siesta Motel 406.265.5863
Townhouse Inn of Havre 406.365.6711
New Administrative Assistant
Carolyn Steiner, a native of Orofino, Idaho was chosen to become our
first Administrative Assistant. Carolyn is a longtime Clearwater
National Forest seasonal forestry/wildlife technician. She received a
BS in Wildlife Resources
from the University of Idaho in 1992. Just prior to coming to the
she worked as Sandi McFarland’s assistant. Carolyn is excited about
her new position and looks forward to the challenge of working with
people from all over
the country. Her recipe for success includes balancing her new career
with a well-rounded home life, including horseback riding, needlework,
camping, and most important, her son Cody.
NPNHT Foundation's New Office
The Clearwater National Forest has graciously allowed the Foundation
to set up an office within the Supervisor’s Office in Orofino, Idaho.
The Foundation hopes this increases coordination with Sandi McFarland,
Therefore, the Foundation has a new address and phone number. Our
physical address is 12730 Highway 12, Orofino, Idaho. The new mailing
address is PO Box 2544, Orofino, ID 83544. The Administrative
Assistant can be contacted at 208.476.8227 or email at email@example.com.
Our fax number is 208.476.8285.
The Foundation would like to announce their new website at
www.nezpercetrail.net. You can find a current list of the board of
directors and officers. There is an online form for becoming a member.
We also have a news page that currently houses the previous
newsletters. We have also added a calendar of Nez Perce Country
Events. A special link on our site is a language site where we have
some common words in Nez Perce. We are continuing to add new links and
information to the site. A special thank you goes out to Kelly
Andersson for a great design job.
Administrative Assistant’s Corner By Carolyn Steiner
Hi. I am very excited to be working for the Nez Perce National
Historic Trail Foundation. The past month has been a challenge setting
up an office in the Clearwater National Forest Supervisor’s Office,
and getting the new office operational. I am generally at the office
Monday through Thursday, 8am to 4pm. This will change when I work
weekends at upcoming events. If you have any questions or comments
concerning the Foundation, please contact me at 208.476.8227 or email
My dreams and goals for the Foundation are limitless. The Rocky
Mountain Elk Foundation poster I have on the wall is not there just
for a great picture of a bull elk. Do I expect the NPNHT Foundation to
grow to the size of the RMEF? Maybe, but I do not expect it to happen
overnight. Right now we need to have open minds, and realize that
there are no limits to the Foundation’s future in stimulating public
knowledge and awareness about the Nez Perce National Historic Trail
and the story of the 1877 War.
National Trails Day Coloring Contest
The Nez Perce National Historic Trail (NPNHT) and the NPNHT Foundation
co-sponsored a coloring contest among first and second grade students
at Orofino Elementary School. Winners of the contest were given
ribbons, certificates, lunch bags, CD holders, water bottles, and
flashlights. All entrants were given a pencil and a tattoo. We would
like to thank all the kids for an awesome job. Also we would like to
thank the school secretaries and the teachers for their help.
Nez Perce National Historic Trail Foundation T·Shirts Available
Due to popular demand, a new batch of the NPNHT Foundation T·shirts
were printed last summer. They include the logo found on the highway
signs along the length of the Nee-Me-Poo trail.
There are three colors -- stonewashed blue, stonewashed green and
brown -- in sizes small to 2XL.
Cost of the T·shirt is $15.00 plus $3.50 for shipping/handling. Send
checks with color/size info to:
P.O. Box 2544,
Orofino, Idaho 83544.
Ceremony in St. Louis for Nez Perce Warriors
Article and Photos By Brian McCormack
In October 1831, four Nez Perce warriors, Speaking Eagle
(Man-of-the-Morning), Black Eagle, No-Horns-On-His-Head and
Rabbit-Skin-Leggings, arrived in St. Louis. Feeling pressure from an
encroaching white presence in their homeland, these men sought
information on the white man’s culture and a greater understanding of
the “book of heaven.”
While in St. Louis, they sought out General William Clark, then the
superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Missouri River country and
the Pacific Northwest. William Clark had met up with the Nez Perce 25
years earlier when he and Meriwether Lewis traveled through Nez Perce
country during their cross country Corps of Discovery expedition.
Shortly after arriving in St. Louis, having been exposed to new
ailments and lacking immunization, Black Eagle and Speaking Eagle
became ill and died. They were baptized, and Black Eagle was given the
Christian name Narcisse, and Speaking Eagle was named Paul. They were
buried in a Catholic cemetery, and were subsequently relocated and
reburied at least four times, due to the city’s health concerns about
cemeteries. They were located in their final resting place in an
unmarked, mass grave at Cavalry Cemetery in St. Louis.
In 2000, the Nez Perce St. Louis Warriors Committee was formed to
raise funds to build a lasting monument to these four Nez Perce
warriors. An 8-foot granite memorial was designed by the committee,
and placed at the unmarked mass grave at Calvary Cemetery. The
inscription of the monument can be found in our last edition of 'Iskitpe.
In 2003, descendants and other relatives of the four Nez Perce
warriors traveled to St. Louis to honor these brave Nez Perce
explorers. About 75 Nez Perce tribal members traveled to St. Louis to
take part in the two days of ceremonies to unveil the granite
monument. Representatives from other Pacific Northwest tribes, as well
as church officials also made the long journey.
On Friday, March 28, 2003, a colloquium and small powwow by Nez Perce
tribal members was held at the History Museum of the Missouri
Historical Society. On Saturday afternoon, the unveiling ceremony
began at Calvary Cemetery. The Nez Perce conducted a traditional pipe
ceremony, sang honor songs, led an empty saddle horse parade, and
several tribal and local dignitaries took the microphone to talk about
the significance of this event. The weather changed many times
throughout the 3-hour ceremony. Despite the weather, everyone felt
honored to be at this ceremony, including the many St. Louis residents
that attended the ceremony.
On Saturday evening, the Missouri Historical Society held a formal
dinner for the Nez Perce at the museum and many gifts were exchanged.
The Missouri Historical Society presented two framed reproductions of
the famous George Catlin paintings of Rabbit-Skin-Leggings and
No-Horns-On His Head to Sam Penney, Nez Perce Tribal chairman. Catlin
painted the two Nez Perce warriors on their return trip from St. Louis
in 1832. These paintings are on display at the Nez Perce tribal
headquarters in Lapwai, Idaho.
Fund raising efforts are continuing to pay the balance of the granite
memorial. The Nez Perce St. Louis Warriors committee is still seeking
donations through sales of T-shirts, programs and cash donations.
Also, a presentation is planned in Lapwai in the near future to share
slides, videos and stories from those that attended the ceremonies.
For further information or to make donations, email Crystal White,
project director, at Npslw@aol.com or you can write to her at PO Box
261, Pullman, Washington 99163.
Brian McCormack was one of thirteen members of the St. Louis Warriors
Memorial Advisory Committee. He assisted in the planning of the events
in St. Louis, which he attended.
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Memorial
By Matt Nowak
There were about 60 people attending the Nez Perce Memorial service at
Chief Joseph Picnic Area on Fort Leavenworth on Sunday, March 30,
2003. Wilfred Scott conducted the ceremony under the large cottonwood
trees that were on an island in the Missouri River in 1877-1878 when
the Nez Perce were originally here.
Prior to the public ceremony, Nez Perce visited the incarceration
site which was inside the horse race track and near the road to
Rialto. Only the road exists today, but it has proven valuable in
locating the original incarceration site. Unfortunately, the burial
sites have never been located. The fort makes land management
decisions with the burial sites in mind and coordinates with Nez Perce
in Idaho and at the Colville Reservation.
Matt Nowak, Fort Leavenworth Natural Resources Director, explained
some of the natural and cultural resources history relating to this
site and the Nez Perce. Scotty explained specific cultural resources
history and details of present-day Nez Perce and the memorials that
they conduct at significant sites around the country. He talked about
their return from St. Louis and the memorial dedication there and
explained that they would also be continuing on to Oklahoma before
returning to Idaho.
Mrs. Scott presented gifts to some young girls in the local community
for a school report and Scotty presented gifts to any of the veterans
that participated in the day's memorial service. Mr. Gary Ortiz, the
Leavenworth City Manager, presented the official city flag
and coins as gifts from the city and from the fort.
Immediately following the ceremonies, some Nez Perce visited the
existing stone monument with the brass plaque and the audio story at
the road to Rialto entrance to the airfield. Mr. Nowak pointed out
the location for the proposed Joseph/Nez Perce Monument on the knoll
with a view of the tent and tipi village of 1877-1878. Afterwards they
discussed the possibility of including the Fort Leavenworth site as
part of the Nez Perce National Historic Trail.
Lolo Pass Visitor Center Grand Opening
On Friday, June 27, 2003, the Clearwater National Forest, Montana
Department of Transportation, and Idaho Department of Transportation
plan to have Grand Opening ceremonies at the newly constructed Lolo
Pass Visitor Center. A formal dedication will be held from 10:00 to
12:00. Fun and educational activities will take place from 1:00 to
4:00. One particular activity is the Nez Perce Young Horsemen parade
in full regalia at Packer Meadows. The Nez Perce National Historic
Trail is donating a bronze bust of Chief Joseph to be located inside
the Visitor Center.
Looking Glass Memorial
On July 1, 2003, Dworshak-Kooskia National Fish Hatchery and the Nez
Perce National Historic Trail plan to unveil the new stone and bronze
memorial at the Looking Glass interpretive trail. The US Fish and
Wildlife Service owns the site of the Looking Glass village that was
attacked by a detachment of cavalry accompanied by volunteers on July
1, 1877. The original marker which was installed in 1928 had been
destroyed by vandals some years ago. The bronze plaque survived.
The Nez Perce Tribe plans to do the posting of colors, and drum for
flag song. Horace Axtell will offer a special blessing of the site and
monument. Al Wheeler, a direct descendant of Chief Looking Glass, is
planned to attend and speak. NPTEC chairman Anthony Johnson also plans
2003 Tamkaliks Celebration
On Friday, July 18th, there will be a "ride in" which symbolizes the
return of the Nez Perce people and related groups to the Wallowa
country. Friday afternoon and Saturday morning are dedicated to
namings and memorials. There will be at least two memorials, maybe
more. Friday evening is the first dance session, Saturday afternoon
and evening and Sunday afternoon is dedicated to dancing, also. On
Sunday morning everyone will enjoy the FRIENDSHIP BREAKFAST. Indian
participants bring elk, venison and salmon. A local supporter donates
a buffalo and local residents and visitors bring the side dishes.
There are usually between 500 and 600 people attending this function.
There is no charge for the feast.
Appaloosa Horse Club's Chief Joseph Trail Ride
CHIEF JOSEPH TRAIL RIDE: The Appaloosa Horse Club's annual Chief
Joseph Trail Ride (CJTR) for 2003 will leave from the Breaks of the
Missouri on July 28 and conclude at the Bear Paw Battlefield. The 2003
ride marks the 39th anniversary of the third time through the entire
trail. Nez Perce riders have been going on the CJTR since 1991, but
this will be the first time on the Bears Paw segment of the ride.
There have typically been 300 riders from around the world
participating in the annual rides. This year there will be a special
event on the last day. It will involve the Nez Perce, US Army and all
the riders on the CJTR.
The cost is $330 per rider and $280 per non rider. Children 12-18 can
ride for $280. Applications are due by July 1, 2003. More information
can be found on the ApHC's website at appaloosa.com/trail.shtm
Calendar of Events
Dedication of Lolo Pass Visitor Center, Lolo Pass, Idaho/Montana
Lewis & Clark Discovery Faire, Pioneer Park, Lewiston, Idaho.
Looking Glass Dedication, Dworshak Kooskia National Fish Hatchery,
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation 4th of July
Celebration, Nespelem, Washington.
Clearwater River Memorial, Stites, Idaho.
Tamkaliks Celebration, Wallowa, Oregon.
Chief Joseph Days, Joseph, Oregon.
Wy-Kan-Ush-Pum,Governor Motel, Portland, Oregon.
Chief Joseph Trail Ride
NPNHT Annual Meeting and Educational Sessions, Chinook, Montana.
American Indian Alaska Native Tourism Conference, Phoenix, Arizona.
Big Hole Memorial, Wisdom, Montana.
PNTS Conference, Bow, Washington.
Canyon Creek Memorial.
Bear Paw Memorial.
Call for Nominations
As most everybody is aware, it is time to start thinking about Board
of Director and Officer nominations. In particular we are needing to
fill the vacant Vice President position. Please start thinking of a
current Foundation member that would be able to put in the time and
effort that is required of a NPNHT Foundation Board of Director or
A Glimpse of the Past: First Known White Man Into the Nez Perce
On September 20, 1805 , William Clark came onto the Weippe Prairie in
Idaho. Clark wrote "ascended a steep mountain leaving the creek (Lolo
Creek) to our left hand, passed the head of several streams on a
dividing ridge, and at 12 miles descended the mountain to a level pine
country proceeded on through a butifull country for 3 miles to a small
plain in which I found many Indian lodges.” One mile from the lodges
he met up with 3 Indian (Nez Perce) boys, who quickly hid in the tall
grass. He found two of the boys giving them small pieces of ribbon and
sent them forward to the village. Soon after a man came out to meet
Clark and conducted Clark to a large spacious lodge. The Chief and
warriors were gone battling a tribe to the Southwest.
The Nez Perce offered Clark small pieces of buffalo meat, dried salmon
berries and roots in which Clark gave them a few small articles as
Members of Twisted Hair’s camp considered killing Lewis & Clark for
their weapons. They were dissuaded by an old women named Watkuweis
(meaning returned from a Far Country). She overheard the plans to kill
the white men. She spoke up saying "These men are So-yap-pos! Good
Men! Men like these were good to me. Do not kill them! DO THEM NO